Henry Rousso is a research professor at the Institut d'histoire du temps présent, CNRS. He is the author of The Vichy Syndrome: History and Memory in France Since 1944 (Harvard U.P., 1994).
Henry Rousso first worked on the history of the Second World War and post-war period. His early writings focused on political and economic history of the Vichy regime. Then he turned to a history of memory of the war and spent much of his thinking to the history of collective memory and uses of the past. He is currently working in a multidisciplinary and comparative perspective on the relationship between history, memory and justice, and more generally on the epistemology of contemporary history.
Born in Cairo in 1954, graduated from the Ecole Normale Superieure de Saint-Cloud (1974-1979), ”agrégé” in history (1977), Henry Rousso holds a ”Habilitation à diriger des recherches” (Institut d’Etudes Politiques Paris, 2000). He joined the CNRS in 1981, he participated in the creation of the IHTP inaugurated a year before, which he headed from 1994 to 2005.
He was a member of the National Committee of the CNRS (1987-1994) and Secretary General of the International Committee for the History of the Second World War, which is based in Paris (1990-2000). He presided in 2001 the ”Entretiens du Patrimoine”, and from 2002 to 2004, the Commission on Racism and Holocaust deniers at the University Jean Moulin-Lyon III, established by the Ministry of Education.
He has been research associate or visiting professor in many places : Center for European Studies (Harvard University, 1986-1987), Munich (Bosch Stiftung, 1990), New York University (1992), Dartmouth College (1994), Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies, U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum (2005), Texas A & M University (2007), Jena Center Geschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts (2009).
He is a member of several editorial boards : Vingtième Siècle, History and Memory, South Central Review, SegleXX. Revista catalana di Stòria, Les Cahiers du Judaïsme, Cahiers d’histoire du temps présent (Bruxelles), and several scientific councils : Centre français de recherche en sciences sociales (CEFRES, Prague, Chair), Centre de recherche de l’Historial de Péronne, Mémorial de la Shoah de Paris, Mémorial de la Paix à Caen, Jena Center Geschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts (Allemagne), Gedenkstätte Buchenwald (Allemagne), Museum of the Second World War (Gdansk), etc.
He taught at the École normale supérieure de Cachan (1998-2004) and the Institut d’études politiques de Paris (1988-1990 & 2007-2010). He supervised doctoral students at the University of Paris-Ouest-Nanterre La Défense, most of them in (co-tutelles) with European and North American universities. In September 2011 onward, he will join the École doctorale d’histoire at Paris 1 where he will supervise doctorates, and he will give a seminar in the master program "Histoire des sociétés occidentales contemporaines (XIXe- XXIe siècles)".
He runs the series : "Contemporary European History, Berghahn Books (Oxford/New York), with Konrad Jarausch.
Since 2006, he coordinates the European Research Group (GDRE) "The European Network for Contemporary History" EURHISTXX.
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